It is cancer arising from the lining of voice box or the gateway for windpipe.
Larynx cancer is most commonly seen in smokers. Other causes could be chronic reflux disease (GERD) andHPV infection (non smokers).
These cancers are almost always glottic (vocal cord) cancers that are found early because of voice changes. They are nearly always curable with either endoscopic surgery or radiation therapy. The patient is then watched closely to see if the cancer returns. If the cancer does comes back, radiation can be used
Cancers of larynx (voice box) are treated based on its stage. For early stages either single stage surgery (which is trans oral laser microsurgery) or radiation therapy is preferred. For early advanced cancers (stage 3) an approach to conserve the voice is done by giving chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However for very advanced cases (stage 4), one cannot avoid surgery.
Yes. The patients undergoing surgery can very well speak though the natural voice box is removed. The voice and speech following post laryngectomy voice rehabilitation (TEP speech) is very natural and permanent. Please speak to your doctor for further information.
The most important thing after surgery is that the end stoma is the only available airway and needs to be protected. The entire wind pipe is exteriorised onto the skin over neck region (much likewise colostomy/ileostomy). So the stoma needs to cared for. Patients also need to take care of the TEP as per the guidance. For patients undergoing radiation therapy after surgery, need to also take thyroid replacement for life long.
Larynx (voice box) cancer is a considered among relatively good outcome cancers. This cancer because of classical symptoms (voice change) is diagnosed early and so is less metastatic. They are very responsive to all modes of cancers treatment. Even stage 4 cancers have good outcomes.